quebec spelling

Various buildings reflect the architectural heritage that characterizes Quebec, such as religious buildings, city halls, houses of large estates, and other locations throughout the province. For the province's capital city, see. In 1629 there was the surrender of Quebec, without battle, to English privateers led by David Kirke during the Anglo-French War.

[166], The pulp and paper industries generate annual shipments valued at more than $14 billion. In 1927, the Judicial Committee of the British Privy Council was asked to decide a boundary dispute between Canada and Newfoundland over the exact border between Labrador and Quebec. Around 1522–1523, the Italian navigator Giovanni da Verrazzano persuaded King Francis I of France to commission an expedition to find a western route to Cathay (China). Mindful of the same nutritional needs as settlers from Acadia, it has many similarities with Acadian cuisine. Biodiversity of the estuary and gulf of Saint Lawrence River[54] consists of an aquatic mammal wildlife, of which most goes upriver through the estuary and the Saguenay–St. [202] In addition, the Government of Quebec owns airports and heliports to increase the accessibility of local services to communities in the Basse-Côte-Nord and northern regions. The taiga covers about 20% of the total area of Quebec.

Quebec English encompasses the English dialects (both native and non-native) of the predominantly French-speaking Canadian province of Quebec. [243] Je me souviens ("I remember") was first carved under the coat of arms of Quebec's Parliament Building façade in 1883. Several circus troupes were created in recent decades, the most important being without any doubt the Cirque du Soleil. The Lieutenant Governor represents the Queen of Canada and acts as the province's head of state. Algonquians organized into seven political entities lived nomadic lives based on hunting, gathering, and fishing in the rugged terrain of the Canadian Shield (James Bay Cree, Innu, Algonquins) and Appalachian Mountains (Mi'kmaq, Abenaki). [39] It is generally a quite flat and exposed mountainous terrain interspersed with higher points such as the Laurentian Mountains in southern Quebec, the Otish Mountains in central Quebec and the Torngat Mountains near Ungava Bay.

Ice hockey remains the national sport. Although reaction to conscription was favourable in English Canada the idea was deeply unpopular in Quebec. When Samuel de Champlain founded Québec City in 1608, his ship hoisted the merchant flag of a white cross on a blue background. Most visible minorities in Quebec live in or near Montreal. Often known as Bill 101, it defined French as the only official language of Quebec in areas of provincial jurisdiction.[107]. The Premier's press release[212] reasserted the three fundamental values of Quebec society: Equality between men and women, primacy of the French language, and separation of church and state constitute the fundamental values.

A number of governmental and non-government organizations support cultural activity in Quebec. The creation of Upper and Lower Canada in 1791 allowed most Loyalists to live under British laws and institutions, while the French-speaking population of Lower Canada could maintain their familiar French civil law and the Catholic religion. They are then differentiated according to the insolation, temperature, and precipitation of snow and rain.[44]. Beginning in 1963, a paramilitary group that became known as the Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) launched a decade-long programme of propaganda and terrorism that included bombings, robberies and attacks[105] directed primarily at English institutions, resulting in at least five deaths. [39], The total forest area of Quebec is estimated at 750,300 square kilometres (289,700 sq mi). The government hopes to create a strong culture of innovation in Quebec for the next decades and to create a sustainable economy. The government of Quebec awards an order of merit called the National Order of Quebec. [211] The Quartier Latin (English: Latin Quarter) of Montreal, and Vieux-Québec (English: Old Quebec) in Quebec City, are two hubs of activity for today's artists. In their published Manifesto, the militants stated: "In the coming year Bourassa will have to face reality; 100,000 revolutionary workers, armed and organized." Because of its climate (average annual temperature of 7 °C (45 °F)), it is in this area that one finds the greatest diversity of species, including more than 1600 vascular plants and 440 vertebrates. [79] They established fur trading forts on the Great Lakes (Étienne Brûlé 1615), Hudson Bay (Radisson and Groseilliers 1659–60), Ohio River and Mississippi River (La Salle 1682), as well as the Saskatchewan River and Missouri River (de la Verendrye 1734–1738). Quebec's highest point at 1,652 metres is Mont d'Iberville, known in English as Mount Caubvick, located on the border with Newfoundland and Labrador in the northeastern part of the province, in the Torngat Mountains.

Most of Quebec's population lives in this area of vegetation, almost entirely along the banks of the St. Lawrence. This article is about the Canadian province.

The podorythmie is a characteristic of traditional Quebec music and means giving the rhythm with the feet. They appear to have been later supplanted by the Mohawk nation. [197], Quebec ranks among the world leaders in the field of life science. [218] The First Nations and the Inuit of Quebec also have their own traditional music. In subsequent years, two attempts were made to gain Quebec's approval of the constitution. From a word starting with the letter "Q", from English Quebec, from French Québec, from Algonquin kepék. [91], Although the Quebec Act was unrelated to the events in Boston of 1773, and was not regarded as one of the Coercive Acts, the timing of its passage led British colonists to the south to believe that it was part of the program to punish them. Quebec officially disputes this boundary. The Film Festival of the 3 Americas, Quebec City, the Festival of International Short Film, Saguenay, the World Film Festival and the Festival of New Cinema, Montreal, are other annual events surrounding the film industry in Quebec. Coureurs des bois, voyageurs and Catholic missionaries used river canoes to explore the interior of the North American continent. Geologically, the lowlands formed as a rift valley about 100 million years ago and are prone to infrequent but significant earthquakes. "Place Names". There are currently approximately 115 telecommunications companies established in the province, such as Motorola and Ericsson. Approximately 60% of the production of the Canadian aerospace industry are from Quebec, where sales totalled C$12.4 billion in 2009. [43] Most of central Quebec, ranging from 51 to 58 degrees North has a subarctic climate (Köppen Dfc). Quebec has also contributed to the creation of some Canadian artificial satellites including SCISAT-1, ISIS, Radarsat-1 and Radarsat-2. [232] Among these troops are contemporary, travelling and on-horseback circuses, such as Les 7 Doigts de la Main, Cirque Éloize, Cavalia, Kosmogonia, Saka and Cirque Akya. The Canadian boreal forest covers 27% of the area of Quebec.

Many literary works reproduce the daily lives of the past, following the social and cultural traditions of Quebec television series reproducing the old days[240] such as the trilogy of Pierre Gauvreau (Le Temps d'une paix, Cormoran and Le Volcan tranquille), La Famille Plouffe, Les Belles Histoires des Pays-d'en-Haut, La Petite Patrie, Entre chien et loup, Les Filles de Caleb, Blanche, Au nom du père et du fils, Marguerite Volant, Nos Étés or Musée Éden, among others. There are few distinctive phonological features and very few restricted lexical features common among English-speaking Quebecers. Quebec has produced cheese for centuries. Quebec has produced beer since the beginning of colonization especially with the emergence of spruce beer. [202], Concerning rail transport, Quebec has 6,678 kilometres (4,150 mi) of railways[203] integrated in the large North American network. [103] Pierre Trudeau and other liberals formed an intellectual opposition to Duplessis's regime, setting the groundwork for the Quiet Revolution under Jean Lesage's Liberals. [223] The State corporation Télé-Québec, the federal Crown corporation CBC, general and specialized private channels, networks, independent and community radio stations broadcast the various Quebec téléromans, the national and regional news, interactive and spoken programmations, etc. It extends northeastward from the southwestern portion of the province along the shores of the Saint Lawrence River to the Quebec City region, limited to the North by the Laurentian Mountains and to the South by the Appalachians.

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